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Excerpt from the EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Studies on child labor revealed alarming statistics. In 2011, 5.49 million or 19 percent of the total population of children aged five to 17 years old were actively working in various economic sectors. Of this figure, only 2.28 million children were engaged in permissible work, while the rest (3.21 million children) were considered child laborers.

Poverty, especially child poverty, is a cause and a consequence of the denial of rights. Children who are deprived of their right to education and development are at great risk of being trapped in an intergenerational cycle of poverty and deprivation. It is poverty that prevents children from realizing their rights to survival and the development of their full potential. Actions to end child poverty and to promote child rights are twin imperatives that cannot be separated. However, the magnitude of child labor is mostly unreported and un-documented.

To effectively address this alarming trend, it is important that the phenomena of child labor is understood against the backdrop of underlying local, regional and global trends, and how these now affect children, families, and communities. The World Vision and its partners envision to reduce child labor in the sugarcane areas. They thought it is imperative to generate timely and reliable data that can also be used as basis for planning appropriate strategies in beneficiary communities and impact evaluation. This requires a benchmark database that depicts the nature and extent of child labor and its determinants.

Author:

University of the Philippines Social Action and Research for Development Foundation, Inc. (UPSARDF)